Monday, October 29, 2012

Saturday, October 27, 2012

ludacris' hoes in different area codes

romney on climate change

This story is part of a two-part series about the presidential candidates' climate policies. Click Here For The Story About President Obama
Neither presidential candidate mentioned climate change during their three debates — in fact, the issue is nearly absent from the entire campaign. That's because the issue poses challenges for each candidate.
Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney has accepted the scientific consensus that the planet is warming up. But he has not accepted another element of that consensus: that humans are largely responsible. His position is well-grounded in politics, but not so in logic.
Romney rarely speaks of climate change; he has written that he believes the planet is warming up. But why it's happening is another matter.
"My view is that we don't know what's causing climate change on this planet, and the idea of spending trillions and trillions of dollars to try and reduce CO2 emissions is not the right course for us," he said at a private fundraiser early in the campaign.
In other written comments, he has since said humans play some role, but he hasn't embraced the sweeping scientific consensus — backed by thousands of studies and accepted by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and its counterparts around the world — that humans are largely responsible.
You could look at this simply as a political position to appeal to Republicans skeptical about climate change. But to a philosopher, this is also an example of faulty logic.
"The flaw in that argument is that contrary to what he says, there is a consensus among climate scientists about the extent of human-induced warming and the degree of risk to the planet," says Gary Gutting, a science philosopher at the University of Notre Dame.
He says since Romney is not a climate expert, he has to make the same decision the rest of us non-experts do. Do we trust the National Academy of Sciences and other experts or not?
Gutting says once you decide to trust an expert, you can't just bail out anywhere, as if you were in a cab.
"You have to stay for the whole ride that the driver's taking you on," he says, borrowing another philosopher's metaphor. "You can't accept their authority for one dimension of the discussion and then say, well, we'll forget about it for another dimension of the discussion."
Logical or not, that's exactly what a lot of Americans do.
Anthony Leiserowitz at the Yale Project on Climate Communication finds this factual cherry-picking in his polling data. Some 70 percent of Americans think that climate change is happening, but only about 54 percent of Americans believe it's caused by human activities.
Often, people don't even know there's a strong scientific consensus, so they aren't actually rejecting science here. Instead, Dan Kahan at Yale Law School says people tend to base their judgments largely on what their peers think.
After all, if you decide to buy a gas guzzler because you don't accept climate change, that decision won't have big consequences for the planet.
"It's just not important enough to matter, so it's costless for [people] to make mistakes on that," Kahan says. "But what they believe about climate change can make a big difference to them in their communities. If I go back to New Haven and march around the old campus with a sign that says 'climate change is a hoax,' that's not going to be very good for me in my community."
Kahan says it's actually rational for people to reject climate science if their peers are rejecting it.
"That's probably not bad for them [personally], although it's not good for society."
Shading Language
Looked at this way, it's rational for Mitt Romney to tell his conservative base what it wants to hear about climate change. Leiserowitz says that at least makes sense in the current political climate, which is different from what it was during the last election.
"Four years ago, John McCain, the presidential nominee of the Republican Party, had been the primary champion of climate change action in the U.S. Senate for over a decade," Leiserowitz says.
Romney was strongly in that do-something camp when he was governor of Massachusetts. But he eventually changed his tune, as he eyed a 2008 run for president and staked out some more conservative positions.
Yet Leiserowitz says Romney doesn't want to alienate the majority of Americans, who see climate change as a real issue, so he's shading his language, "and so he's trying to walk that tightrope between those two very different positions."
That position paves the way for Romney to say he doesn't intend to reduce carbon emissions. The Romney campaign would not provide a spokesperson for this report. But the campaign's domestic policy adviser, Oren Cass, laid out Romney's climate policy at an event at MIT, webcast by E&E TV.
"When Gov. Romney talks about a no-regrets policy, what he means is the policies that we can pursue, that will move forward, particularly with technological innovation, to find solutions without having negative effects on our economy in the interim," Cass said.
In other words, research, but no action — other than rolling back some of the Obama administration's climate policies.
That again goes against the consensus of the National Academy of Sciences, which concludes that time is rapidly running out to take action if we are to prevent some of the serious consequences of climate change. But philosopher Gutting says Romney recognizes that scientists don't get the last word here.
"He does say this, and he's right about this: In the end, policymakers and the public, and not scientists, have to decide what relative balance of risks and costs they think they can live with."
And that plays out in the nation's broader political debate.npr

Thursday, October 25, 2012

republican rape advisory chart

epibionts and mangroves

electoral math as of october 24th 2012

Electoral Math 10/24/12: Obama 277, Romney 235
No Leaners: Obama 281, Romney 257

octopus babies

When we picked up the shell from the ROV’s arm, to our surprise, a small octopus came out of the shell. It was a female that laid her eggs inside the shell. We put shell and octopus in a tank with seawater, and after one minute thousands of octopus larvae started to stream out of the shell. The octopus eggs were hatching! That was the first time we had observed such a magnificent show. The larvae were changing coloration from transparent with dark spots to brown, and swimming like squid – although on a millimeter scale.natgeo

Wednesday, October 24, 2012

malala yousafza

left vs. right

mitt's binders on women

James Nasmyth (1808-1890)

Jules Verne

Captain Nemo viewing a giant squid from a porthole of the Nautilus submarine, from Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea

the anatomical side of the Damien Hirst statue

ammonite graveyard

“Ammonite graveyard” by John Sibbick
“John Sibbick’s detailed interpretation of a graveyard of extinct swimming mollusks called ammonites. An acclaimed artist, Sibbick has even been honored with a newfound pterosaur named after him, dubbedLudodactylus sibbicki.” boingboing

sesame street understands

be proud

political condoms

daria tattooed

worry about yourself

mitt only sounds sincere


cardinal tattoo

chicken development

hallucinogenic mushrooms

shallow marie ecosystem - carboniferous

shallow marine ecosystem during the early Carboniferous Period (359-318 million years ago)
“… Crinoids include the camerates Dizygocrinus (under attack, bottom center, left) and the spiny Dorycrinus (bottom center, right), and the cladids Decadocrinus (bottom left) and Abrotocrinus (bottom right). Fishes include the cochliodont Deltoptychius (bottom center), the petalodontJanassa (left of center, ventral view), the chondrenchelyiformChondrenchelys (far left), and the actinopterygian Amphicentrum (upper right).” 
Illustration by Robert Nichols

weiner mobile

I saw the weiner mobile while driving around Greensboro a few days ago :)

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

viking ship tattoo

new tattoo :)

and this was the inspiration...
thanks minus the bear!

Monday, October 15, 2012

raise taxes on the richest

new jobs in ohio

Maybe you didn’t read Ohio’s motto: With God, all things are possible.

arlen specter

October 14, 1912

Theodore Roosevelt was shot in the chest at close-range by saloonkeeper John Schrank while campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  The bullet became lodged in his chest only after penetrating his steel eyeglass case and passing through the 50-page folded copy of the speech he was carrying in his jacket.  Instead of immediately going to the hospital, he delivered his scheduled speech with blood seeping into his shirt, speaking for 90 minutes total.    
Roosevelt carried the bullet in his chest for the remainder of his life.

measuring distance on mars using morse code


acne bacteria

 Acne, the scourge of many an adolescent life, is getting harder to treat, but 80 percent of teenagers have some form of it.
Conventional treatment includes topical and oral antibiotics. Studies are now finding the bacteria that cause acne are increasingly resistant to antibiotic treatment. Alternatively, there are effective laser treatments. But these are costly and typically not covered by insurance.
Now, researchers are scrambling to come up with new treatments for acne. One promising possibility involves harnessing a harmless virus living on skin that naturally seeks out and kills the bacteria that cause pimples.
UCLA dermatologist Dr. Jenny Kim says many people don't realize it's bacteria that cause acne. "Some people say your face is dirty, you need to clean it more, scrub more, don't eat chocolate, things like that. But really, it's caused by bacteria and the oil inside the pore allows the bacteria to overpopulate," Kim says.
For most teenagers with mild acne, over-the-counter products containing peroxide or salicylic acid are enough to clear up the acne. But lots of teenagers end up in the doctor's office and getting antibiotics. This was the hardest thing for Bagrodia: No matter how much she followed doctors' orders, diligently cleaning her face and using antibiotic cream, nothing worked.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
Dermatologist Elizabeth Martin is in private practice in Birmingham, Ala., and is a fellow with the American Academy of Dermatology. She says these bacteria, like many others, are mutating quickly and becoming resistant to antibiotics.
"Over the years, we have seen an increase in this antibiotic-resistant bacterium, both in the U.S. and also worldwide," Martin says. She points to studies that show a tripling of drug-resistant acne bacteria over the past few decades.
This means doctors can no longer rely on antibiotics alone. Most doctors now use a combination of low-dose antibiotics along with benzoyl peroxide, which also kills acne-causing bacteria.
As Martin says, benzoyl peroxide "works to decrease bacteria through a different mechanism than antibiotics, and it helps to prevent development of resistant bacteria. When we combine benzoyl peroxide along with an antibiotic, patients tend to have better clearance of their acne than when we use antibiotics alone."

Other Treatment Options
Retinoids, vitamin A derivatives, can also be used early on to treat acne. Typically creams, they work by unclogging pores before they become large, inflamed bumps.
A stronger form, called Accutane, is used for severe acne. It's a highly effective pill, but it can cause serious side effects, including depression and birth defects. So the government regulates its use.
Intensely focused light and lasers can also help fight acne when other treatments fail. Kim is also a researcher at UCLA. In the room dedicated to light and laser therapy, Kim points out what appears to be a half-cylinder with stacks of oblong light bulbs.
"Patients with acne can go right under blue light, and they sit there for about 15, 20 minutes, and acne often improves after several treatments," Kim says.
It's not known exactly how light therapy works to fight acne, but Kim says studies indicate it destroys the bacteria. "Probably physically without giving it time to mutate; and the other thing — the light treatment can improve the inflammation that the bacteria causes in acne," she says.
But laser and light therapy doesn't work for everyone. It's expensive and typically not covered by insurance. So Kim and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh are also looking into an entirely new way to fight acne: taking a harmless virus that lives on the skin and programming it to become a bacteria killer.
"The virus is going to go and kill the bacteria that causes acne. It's just going to break it apart and burst its membrane so there's no time for the bacteria to mutate," she says. It's sort of a surprise attack.
The approach is a promising way to get rid of acne without using antibiotics. If further lab studies prove successful, researchers will begin testing on people to see if viral therapy is both safe and effective in fighting acne.


Monday, October 8, 2012

Sunday, October 7, 2012

rises like bread

obama romney debate

coelodonta thibetana

Coelodonta thibetana • Out of Tibet: Pliocene Woolly Rhino Suggests High-Plateau Origin of Ice Age Mega-herbivores
[Mammalogy • 2011]
Ice Age megafauna have long been known to be associated with global cooling during the Pleistocene, and their adaptations to cold environments, such as large body size, long hair, and snow-sweeping structures, are best exemplified by the woolly mammoths and woolly rhinos. These traits were assumed to have evolved as a response to the ice sheet expansion.
We report a new Pliocene mammal assemblage from a high-altitude basin in the western Himalayas, including a primitive woolly rhino. These new Tibetan fossils suggest that some megaherbivores first evolved in Tibet before the beginning of the Ice Age. The cold winters in high Tibet served as a habituation ground for the megaherbivores, which became preadapted for the Ice Age, successfully expanding to the Eurasian mammoth steppe…
(read more: NovaTaxa)
Deng, T., et al. 2011. Out of Tibet: Pliocene Woolly Rhino Suggests High-Plateau Origin of Ice Age Megaherbivores.Science. 6047: 1285–1288. doi:10.1126/science.1206594


Thursday, October 4, 2012


Obama- Romney debate transcribed

First Obama- Romney debate transcribed here: npr

spidery black things on mars?

You are 200 miles directly above the Martian surface — looking down. This image was taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on Jan. 27, 2010. (The color was added later.) What do we see? Well, sand, mostly. As you scroll down, there's a ridge crossing through the image, then a plain, then dunes, but keep looking. You will notice, when you get to the dunes, there are little black flecks dotting the ridges, mostly on the sunny side, like sunbathing spiders sitting in rows. Can you see them?
 What are those things? They were first seen in 1998; they don't look like anything we have here on Earth. To this day, no one is sure what they are, but we now know this: They come, then they go. Every Martian spring, they appear out of nowhere, showing up — 70 percent of the time — where they were the year before. They pop up suddenly, sometimes overnight. When winter comes, they vanish.
As the sun gets hotter, they get more spidery. Here's a closer image — like the one above, this gorgeous print was created by the photographer Michael Benson, just published in his new bookPlanetfall. It shows two mounds of sand. The spidery thingies, you'll notice, stay on the rises, not on the flat sandy plains.
 What could they be? Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey, from Hungary, from the European Space Agency have all proposed explanations; the leading one is so weird, it's transformed my idea of what it's like to be on Mars. For 20 years, I've thought the planet to be magnificently desolate, a dead zone, painted rouge. But imagine this: Every spring, the sun beats down on a southern region of Mars, morning light melts the surface, warms up the ground below, and a thin, underground layer of frozen CO2 turns suddenly into a roaring gas, expands, and carrying rock and ice, rushes up through breaks in the rock, exploding into the Martian air. Geysers shoot up in odd places. It feels random, like being surprise attacked by a monstrous, underground fountain. Here's what it might look like:

"If you were there," says Phil Christensen of Arizona State University, "you'd be standing on a slab of carbon dioxide ice. All around you, roaring jets of carbon dioxide gas are throwing sand and dust a couple hundred feet into the air." The ground below would be rumbling. You'd feel it in your space boots.
That, anyway, is the leading explanation. The spidery traces that you see in Michael's two prints might be clumps of dark, basaltic sand thrown from the geysers. Or — say a group of Hungarian scientists — they might be colonies of photosynthetic Martian microorganisms, warmed from the sun, now sunbathing in plain view. We still don't know for sure.We've been watching those spider patches come and go for the last decade or so, and for a little while longer, we will have to guess why they're there, or what they're telling us.
We'll have to keep looking.

2006 letter in Nature described this idea of geysers near the Martian south pole. Some American scientists then proposed a"Mars Geyser Hopper," an instrument built to investigate geysers that could "hop" from site to site. (Avoiding, one presumes, sudden gushers from below). Michael Benson's new collection of prints, taken from the digital printouts transmitted by exploration space telescopes, are works of science and imagination. The images are black and white in origin; the color is added. Michael calls his technique "true" color, meaning, he's choosing a spectrum that represents what a human eye would see if a human eye (and brain) were on the scene. His newest is called "Planetfall: New Solar System Visions."

fungal meningitis

It's a troubling story authorities think will unfold over the next month or so. An untold number of Americans who got steroid injections in their spine to relieve back pain may end up with a rare fungal meningitis. The drug was contaminated with the spores of a common leaf mold — nobody knows how.
So far, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has recorded 35 cases of the fungal meningitis in six states: Tennessee, North Carolina, Florida, Virginia, Maryland and Indiana. Five patients have died.

ketamine for depression

Scientists say they have figured out how an experimental drug called ketamine is able to relieve major depression in hours instead of weeks.
Researchers from Yale and the National Institute of Mental Health say ketamine seems to cause a burst of new connections to form between nerve cells in parts of the brain involved in emotion and mood.
The discovery, described in Science, should speed development of the first truly new depression drugs since the 1970s, the researchers say.

"It's exciting," says Ron Duman, a a psychiatarist and neurobiologist at Yale University. "The hope is that this new information about ketamine is really going to provide a whole array of new targets that can be developed that ultimately provide a much better way of treating depression."
Ketamine is an FDA-approved anesthetic. It's also a popular club drug that can produce out-of-body experiences. Not exactly the resume you'd expect for a depression drug.
But a few years ago, researchers discovered that ketamine could help people withmajor depression who hadn't responded to other treatments. What's more, the relief came almost instantly.
The discovery "represents maybe one of the biggest findings in the field over the last 50 years," Duman says.
Depression is associated with a loss of so-called synaptic connections between nerve cells, Duman says. So he and other scientists began to study mice exposed to stresses that produce symptoms a lot like those of human depression.
The stressed mice lost connections in certain parts of the brain. But a dose of ketamine was able to "rapidly increase these connections and also to rapidly reverse the deficits that are caused by stress," Duman says.
A team at the National Institute of Mental Health also has found evidence that ketamine works by encouraging synaptic connections.
It's possible to see the change just by studying rodent brain cells with a microscope, says Carlos Zarate from the Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program at NIMH.
A healthy neuron looks like a tree in spring, he says, with lots of branches and leaves extending toward synaptic connections with other neurons. "What happens in depression is there's a shriveling of these branches and these leaves and It looks like a tree in winter. And a drug like ketamine does make the tree look like one back in spring."
And there's also indirect evidence that ketamine is restoring synaptic connections in people, Zarate says.
His team studied 30 depressed patients who got ketamine. And they found changes in brainwave activity that indicated the drug had strengthened connections between neurons in areas of the brain involved in depression.
All of this research is intended to produce drugs that will work like ketamine, but without the hallucinations. And several of these alternative drugs are already being tried in people.
Preliminary results suggest that "some of these compounds do have rapid antidepressant effects without the side effects that occur with ketamine," Zarate says.
One of these drugs, called GLYX-13, has already been tested in two large groups of people — a key step toward FDA approval. The company that makes the drug, Naurex, says it will tell scientists how well GLYX-13 works at a meeting in December.



We have probably all seen this adorable video of the slow loris being tickled or even this one of a slow loris holding a tiny umbrella, but these seemingly innocent videos are actually the result of incredible amounts of animal cruelty.

The Slow Loris is a nocturnal primate from Southeast Asia but thanks to the millions of hits on youtube, slow lorises have become a “must have pet” and are being plucked from their natural habitat and sold for upto £3,500 ($5,500US)Now you would be lucky to see a slow loris in the wild, these beautiful creatures are endangered.
If this wasn’t bad enough, what these people do to these animals before they are “pet-ready” is so much worse.
slow lorises have a toxic bite, and because of this before they are sold they have their teeth ripped out with pilars or nail clippers so that they don’t cause damage to their “owners”.
This horrible process often causes infection and slow and painful deaths to the lorises.

They are also NOCTURNAL animals, which is why in the videos they are not just being “cute” these animals are disoriented and BLINDED by the bright light.These harmless little animals suffer terrible stress from exposure to the sunlight at these markets where they are dumped in cramped cages. These timid creatures normally move about quietly in the darkness of the night. 
‘The markets, where they are surrounded by other animals and people, are a nightmare for them. Tragically, many of them die from trauma even before they have been sold.

although there is a global high protection order under the endangered species conventions, that doesn’t stop them being adbucted and sold on the black market.
Few to no lorises can be found in the wild today, suggesting that the illegal trade may be the cause of the population decline. They are now feared to be on the verge of extinction, which is very serious
all because people want to keep these guys as pets. 

When will people learn to just leave animals in the wild, why is there such an obsession with “owning” exotic pets. Your greed and selfishness has put so many animals on the verge of inexistance. You have no right to steal someone from their home and MUTILATE their body, cause them stress and even death all because you want a cute little pet.

see these articles for more information:
Do popular viral videos depict animal abuse 
Killer Cuteness 

please share this post, it might not be too late for these little guys.
also sign this petition to get the videos removed from youtube 

jute snails

pachychilus, jute snails, a genus of freshwater snails, 1870

raggiana bird

The Raggiana bird of paradise is well known for its long, flowing red flank feathers.
By Daniel Giraud Elliot from A monograph of the paradiseidae
London: d.g. Elliot, 1873
Peer inside our Rare Book Collection in Natural Histories, a new book from the Museum (published by Sterling Signature). Forty essays by Museum scientists, curators, scientific associates, and librarians accompany beautifully illustrated scientific works that date back to the 16th century to the early 20th century. 
Image © AMNH/D. Finnin

cat claws

black and white sugar skull